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KaOS 2016.11

25 Novembre 2016

KaOS, KDE

KaOS

KaOS è una distribuzione Linux per desktop che utilizza l’ultima versione del desktop enviroment KDE, la suite office Calligra e altre applicazioni basate su Qt toolkit. E’ stata ispirata da Arch Linux, ma usa i propri repositori. KaOS è una rolling-release ed è compilata solo per i 64 bit.

Versione 2016.11

Questa versione contiene (in Inglese):

KaOS is pleased to announce the 2016.11 release. As always with this rolling distribution, you will find the very latest packages for the Plasma Desktop, this includes Frameworks 5.27.0, Plasma 5.8.3, KDE Applications 16.08.2 & not yet released ports of KDE Applications. All built on Qt 5.7.0.

For Plasma 5.8 the used Window Decoration in the Midna theme has been updated to accommodate changes in a Wayland session. Aurorae based decoration cannot be used in Wayland thus this change was needed. You will also find an updated wallpaper selection as part of the artwork changes.

The installer now automates setting your location on the world map and has improved system requirements configuration checking.

Mesa includes experimental Nouveau patches so QtWebengine based applications and web-browsers can again be used on systems running the Nouveau driver. This fixes a long standing bug going back to the middle of 2015.

KaOS uses a First Run Wizard. It will run on the newly installed system and enables with just a few clicks to adjust mouse behavior, menu launcher, desktop theme, used wallpaper, color scheme, widget style, window decoration and virtual desktops used. With one click this Wizard will also link to KaOS Documentation and all contact info.

Also included is a KaOS specific tool to write ISO files to USB. Not only does IsoWriter write to USB it also gives the option to recover your USB stick after using it for an ISO, something that regular dd copy or the previously used Imagewriter were not able to do.

Most notable major updates to the base of the system are Glib2 2.50.1, FFMPEG 3.2, Linux 4.8.6, Mesa 13.0.0, Poppler 0.48.0, Gstreamer 1.10.0 and MariaDB 10.1.18

KaOS repositories no longer provide Qt 4. It is a good three years ago that development for Qt 4 stopped, late 2015 all support including security fixes ended. Any application that has not made the transition to Qt 5 in all this time can no longer be supported in KaOS. Either they actually are no longer maintained or their development is ignoring the implications of building on a possible insecure toolkit.

The artwork includes custom icon themes for light and dark themes. Midna and Midna Dark both create a complete unified look from boot-up all the way through logout.

This ISO uses the CRC and finobt enabled XFS filesystem as default. CRCs enable enhanced error detection due to hardware issues, whilst the format changes also improves crash recovery algorithms and the ability of various tools to validate and repair metadata corruptions when they are found. The free inode btree does not index used inodes, allowing faster, more consistent inode allocation performance as filesystems age.

It is possible for both the Live session and installed system to start a Plasma Wayland session right from the login manager. An X11 session is of course still default, but the drop-down menu has a Wayland entry too. With Plasma 5.8.3, the Wayland session is now possible on more systems.

Calamares, the used installer framework, has moved to the 2.4 series. Highlights of the changes and additions:

  • Improved system requirements configuration checking
  • Fixed user creation so it obeys the list of default groups for new users
  • Fixed an issue which could cause a failed install with LUKS if other LUKS partitions are already present
  • Added support for NVME devices to set correct ESP flag with UEFI installs
  • Added support for generating /etc/crypttab, this relies on a single master passphrase.

Octopi is becoming a very crucial part of full system maintenance for KaOS. It is not just a GUI frontend to pacman. Tools like making sure a mirror is synced before starting any update, looking at the pacman logs, an option to get a paste from a complete snapshot of all info of a system with the SysInfo tool are included. Also included are very simple ways to open files, like copy to clipboard the file path shown in Octopi. To make sure the system doesn’t start using too much disk space for the pacman cache, but still giving the user the option to retain some recent packages, the cache-cleaner tool is a great addition. The built-in tool to access KCP has now a much clearer place with the addition of its own “foreign” icon in the menu-bar. When viewing package info it is now possible to click the depends of such a package.

This ISO presents XFS as the default filesystem option for KaOS.

For UEFI installs, KaOS uses the simple, transparent but quite powerful systemd-boot as bootloader.

To learn more about the goals and ideas behind KaOS, please read the Home, About and FAQ pages.

To avoid any misunderstanding and confusion, KaOS is not based upon, derived of, or inspired by any one particular distribution. It is completely independent, build entirely from scratch with its own repositories. To read more about this see FAQ. A rolling release distribution never has a “final” release, every ISO is mere a snapshot of the current status of the repositories. An idea what is currently available:

The ISO ships with Frameworks 5.27.0, Plasma 5.8.3, KDE Applications 16.08.2 & not yet released ports of KDE Applications, Linux 4.8.6, Systemd 232, Kmod 23, NetworkManager 1.4.2, Calligra 3.0Alpha, Krita 3.0.1, Cantata, Plasma-nm 5.8.3, Xorg-Server 1.18.4, Mesa 13.0.0, Glibc 2.23, GCC 5.4.0, non-free Nvidia 371.28, Pepperflash and Python3 3.5.2 to name a few.

The package manager is Pacman 5.0.1, with the simple but powerful Octopi 0.9dev as GUI frontend. Default web browser is Qt based Qupzilla 2.0.2. GFXboot is included with KaOS artwork, Grub theme is Midna, Look & Feel is a KaOS exclusive version “Midna”, fully redone for 2016.

Repositories of KaOS will stay limited in size and expect it to stay at the current maximum of about 2100-2200. A gist of what is available, besides the stable kernel there is Linux-next 4.8, Libreoffice 5.2.3, Qt 5.7.0, bumblebee packages, VLC, Vokoscreen, Blender, XBMC, Calibre, Sigil, Librecad, a few games like 0ad and Knights.
A limited number of the most well-known GTK applications are available, examples Firefox 47.0.2, Chrome 56, Ardour 5.4.0, Inkscape 0.91, GIMP 2.9.4 and Google-talkplugin 5.38.5.0.
Complete language packs are available for KDE, Calligra, Firefox, Libreoffice and Thunderbird. For IM, Fcitx 4.2.9.1 is available as a rather complete group.

Risorse

La distribuzione può essere scaricata da:

Il sito web della distribuzione è: http://kaosx.us/

Screenshot

KaOS 2016.11

KaOS 2016.11

Conclusioni

KaOs utilizza Systemd e Systemd-boot

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